Probiotics and Pregnancy
Probiotics May Reduce Risk of Diabetes During Pregnancy
TURKU, Finland-According to Finnish researchers, probiotic
strains Bifidobacterium lactis and Lactobacillus rhamnosus may help reduced the
occurrence of type 2 diabetes, lower blood glucose and promote child health in
pregnant women. A total of 256 women were randomized at their first trimester
of pregnancy into a control and a dietary intervention group. The intervention
group received intensive dietary counseling provided by a nutritionist and were
further randomized, double blind to receive probiotics (L. rhamnosus GG and B.
lactis Bb12; diet/probiotics) or placebo (diet/placebo).
No significant differences in prenatal or postnatal growth
rates among the study groups were detected. Additionally, distinctive effects
of the two interventions were detected; probiotic intervention reduced the risk
of GDM and dietary intervention diminished the risk of larger birth size. The
results show probiotic-supplemented perinatal dietary counseling could be a
safe and cost-effective tool in addressing the metabolic epidemic. Researchers
noted, "In view of the fact that birth size is a risk marker for later obesity,
the present results are of significance for public health in demonstrating that
this risk is modifiable."
"Good" Bacteria Keep Immune System Primed to Fight Future
Infections, According to Penn. Study
PHILADELPHIA - Scientists have long pondered
the seeming contradiction that taking broad-spectrum antibiotics over a long
period of time can lead to severe secondary bacterial infections.
The investigators show that "good" bacteria
in the gut keep the immune system primed to more effectively fight infection
from invading pathogenic bacteria. Altering the intricate dynamic between
resident and foreign bacteria - via antibiotics, for example - compromises an
animal's immune response, specifically, the function of white blood cells
Senior author Jeffrey Weiser,
MD, professor of Microbiology and Pediatrics, likens these findings to starting
a car: It's much easier to start moving if a car is idling than if its engine
is cold. Similarly, if the immune system is already warmed up, it can better
cope with pathogenic invaders. The implication of these initial findings in
animals, he says, is that prolonged antibiotic use in humans may effectively
throttle down the immune system, such that it is no longer at peak efficiency.
"Neutrophils are being primed
by innate bacterial signals, so they are ready to go if a microbe invades the
body," Weiser explains. "They are sort of 'idling', and the base-line system is
already turned on."
If the immune system is on
idle, and you treat someone with broad-spectrum antibiotics, then you turn the
system off. The system is deprimed and will be less efficient at responding
quickly to new infections. Benefits of probiotic therapies keep your immune
system primed by eating foods enhanced with "good" bacteria may help counteract
the negative effects of sickness and antibiotics.
Probiotic and Conventional Yogurts
Affect Cholesterol Levels.
A study published in the British Journal of Nutrition
experimented to find the effect of probiotic and conventional yogurt on lipid
profile. The randomized trial recruited 90 females aged 19-49 years into three
groups (1) 300g probiotic yogurt containing lactobacillus acidophilus
and bifidobacterium lactis or (2) 300g conventional yogurt or (3) no yogurt for
6 weeks. The results were a decrease in cholesterol in the probiotic and
conventional yogurt groups and an increase in HDL cholesterol levels in the
probiotic group. These findings suggest probiotic and conventional yogurt had
positive changes in lipid profile which may contribute to the prevention of
If you consume probiotics every day, as food and/or
supplements, you can help maintain the proper balance of bacterial flora in the
gut and thus enjoy better health and vitality.
Lactobacillus and the Use of
Lactobacillus is a type of bacteria found in the intestinal
tract and genital systems and is also found in fermenting products such as
yogurt and dietary supplements. Antibiotics can cause diarrhea and
lactobacillus has been used to help restore normal balance of intestinal
bacteria eliminating the diarrhea. It has also been used for vaginal and
urinary tract infections.
It appears that administration of Lactobacillus as a
prophylactic agent during antibiotic treatment may reduce the risk of
antibiotic-associated diarrhea in adults.
Study Over View:
|| A daily dietary probiotic supplement containing
bifidobacteria and lactobacillus acidophilus has been found to reduce the
incidence of cold and flu-like symptoms in children by 50 percent.
|| Researchers found that lactobacillus acidophilus and
bifidobacteria were beneficial in preventing eczema in infants who were at high
risk for allergies.
||A probiotic supplement containing lactobacillus was
found to be effective in the treatment of IBS.
||L. acidophilus therapy has been reported to be
helpful in the prevention and treatment of vaginal candidiasis infections.
|| Researchers found that administration of
Lactobacillus acidophilus reduced DNA damage in colon cells indicating a
reduced risk of colon cancer.
|| Infants treated with Lactobacillus acidophilus plus
rehydration therapy recovered more quickly than those treated with other
protocols that did not contain acidophilus.
||Researchers report that ingestion of lactic
acid-producing bacteria substantially reduce the incidence of
||Probiotics support healthy cholesterol levels.
||Small amounts of L. acidophilus occur in cultured
food products such as yogurt and acidophilus milk. However, in order to be
effective, larger quantities need to be consumed in the form of
||Helps digest food and nourish the immune system.
|Probiotics and Children
Probiotics in Children with Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Bifidobacteria are bacteria that exist
primarily in the large intestine although some also inhabit the lower part of
the small intestine. To date, 28 species of bifidobacteria have been isolated
from the intestines of humans and animals.
According to a study published in the
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, some probiotics may be
helpful in the management of IBS in children and teens. the probiotic
supplement was significantly superior to it in the primary endpoint, which was
the subjective assessment of relief of symptoms. Probiotics were also more
effective than placebo in 3 out of 4 secondary endpoints, which included
abdominal pain/discomfort, abdominal bloating/gassiness and family assessment
of life disruption.
Since probiotics appear to be safe and
more effective than placebo in the treatment of IBS, it may be a useful
supplement to reduce symptoms and improve quality of life in children and
adolescents with IBS